5 reasons to get a dog and give them a nice home

What to consider before getting a dog? Let’s list the benefits of owning a dog as well as some caveats in an organized list. We know, it’s a strange topic for a blog dedicated to helping existing dog owners with their pets’ diet and nutrition. However, this is the post to which you can direct would-be dog owners with doubts.

Reasons to get a dog

Let’s start with the 5 good reasons first:

  • Companionship
  • Fitness and activity
  • Responsibility and patience
  • Purpose
  • Protection


Humans are sociable beings that need companionship. A dog can be that furry friend for you, just like you must then be their companion. People with dogs (and pets in general) tend to live longer and report less stress – that has something to do with dopamine and serotonin (wellbeing and happiness hormones) being released when you’re happy. Studies show that man’s best friend really does improve your mental health; because dogs are great. 

Study sponsored by University of Arizona show that in addition to previously mentioned reducing of stress, dogs can also improve children’s immune system.  

Fitness and activity

It’s not only our loneliness that gets lessened but due to having to take care of your dog you also get some benefits from the physical activity involved. Dog owners have lower blood pressure.  That probably has something to do with the fact, that dogs are great companions in your daily exercise. Walking your dog is almost like a fitness routine. And yes, walking your dog is a must.

Responsibility, patience and purpose

Taking care of your dog also teaches you responsibility and patience. A dog can’t clean after itself, a dog can’t go on a walk alone (actually it can, but that tends to end with the dog’s picture on the missing poster), can’t pour their own water or put dog food in their bowl. You must do that; day after day – every day.


For some elderly people having pets actually gives them purpose – they can be their reason to get up in the morning. Seeing a dog happily wagging its tail makes you feel good and can also teach you a lot about yourself and how you can be better.


And finally, there is the reason of protection; and we don’t just mean physical protection. Dogs can improve a person’s emotional stability and keep some of the bad things at bay. Think of therapy dogs, guide dogs, rescue dogs, or dogs that help the physically impaired. Protection that goes beyond big teeth and loud bark.

Then there are the 5 absolutely wrong reasons to get a dog:

  • Fashion and fads
  • Impulse buy
  • Because the kids want one
  • A living being as a gift
  • Avoiding Corona Virus lockdown restrictions

Fashion and fads

The worst possible reason to get a dog is to get one as a fashion accessory. Getting a living being simply as a fashion statement is cruel to the dog because these owners then tend to get bored of the dog… Especially if the trends start to shift.

Impulse buy

Getting a dog should always be well planned and researched and never an impulse buy. While dogs (and cats) might not live for as long as humans do, they do have considerable life spans and will be around for years to come. If you get one on an impulse and then decide you hate having them, you’ll be ruining a portion of your life and the entirety of theirs.

Because the kids want one

Similarly, you shouldn’t get a dog just because the kids want one. Children can be fickle and have perfect images, with no problems. Sometimes it works out, the other times you, rather than the children, will become the dog’s provider; so be prepared for that.

A living being as a gift

Giving a dog to someone as a gift without discussing it with the person is decidedly less than a wise thing to do. While people may say they want a dog, they might not mean it; also when people are mourning their previous dog, they might not want another puppy. So just – don’t.

Avoiding lockdown restrictions

This last one is a more recent addition… Don’t get a dog to avoid corona lockdown restrictions. We’ll get over the restrictions eventually, but your dog will remain and they will need unconditional love. So if you’re not a dog lover, just don’t. 

Where to get a dog?

  • Dog shelter
  • Dog Breeder
  • Ads
  • By asking people

There are several places where one may procure their canine companion. It’s important to note here that different countries have different laws and different ways of doing things. For example, answering a post on social media and getting a dog that comes from a puppy mill here in Slovenia is not something that you’d expect to happen. But in some places, it might be an issue.

Dog shelter

Generally speaking the best place (ethically speaking) to get your dog is a dog shelter. Getting a dog from a shelter means a better life for the dog you rescued, and better conditions for other dogs in the shelter. It can also be less expensive as this way usually involves just small administrative fees that help run the shelter.

Dog Breeder

Another way is to get a dog from a dog breeder. It tends to be the best way if you want a purebred dog with a documented pedigree. This way of obtaining a dog tends to be quite costly and you should be cautious and check carefully to get a dog from a reputable breeder (in the USA, you might want to check the American Kennel Club breeder referral for example) to avoid getting a dog from a puppy mill.


Ads online and printed ones are also an option in getting a dog, but the chance of stumbling on a dog from a puppy mill rises exponentially. [Yes, we really dislike puppy mills.]

By asking people

Finally, you get hints on exactly where to get a dog by asking other dog owners, your friends and acquaintances, and people in your social media reach. These dogs are often headed towards kennels, cost nothing, and are in greatest need of homes.

Presentation of main Pawsm mobile app features.
PAWSM is a dog nutrition mobile app

Finally, are you really the dog owner type

Can you deal with the additional hassle?

Getting a canine companion comes with great rewards, but also involves a lot of work and inconveniences. A dog companion is another member of the family; one that can’t simply be left behind alone for long amounts of time. If you want to go on a vacation, you will also need to consider what to do with the dog; take them with you or get someone to look after them. And if there are fireworks going off outside and your doggo is petrified what do you do?

PS: We have a blog post dealing with fireworks and big bangs 

Can you deal with the unpleasant part?

Dogs also come in a common package with dog poop, dog pee, dog barf, chewed and scratched furniture and clothes, destroyed items of importance, midnight howls, and own temperament that sometimes rivals that of a 4-year-old.

Can you deal with the daily grind?

Then there are the daily responsibilities. Dogs don’t come with an off or a mute button. They need to be taken on walks (even in bad weather), their bowls need to be cleaned and refilled, and quite simply put, their needs of you – will be bigger than your need of them.

Dogs are a part of your world, you are the entirety of theirs. They need you to be there to play with them, to hug them, to be the recipient of their licks and every other form of endearment they have for you. And you have to love them back. You have to be there for them, and you have to be there with them.

PS: We have a blog post dealing with bowls

Talk to a dog owner in person

PAWSM is ultimately a dog nutrition and dieting app’s blog; and not really a group dealing with each individual aspect of dog ownership. We cannot imagine or convey every single possible benefit and issue that an individual might have within being a dog owner.

To help YOU decide you should find a dog owner to talk to in person. They might be better able to convey all these things to you in your specific situation. If this blog post scared you, then it did its purpose; being a dog owner is not something that should be taken lightly, if not for your sake, then for the good of the dog.

We did our best to scare you and showed you as many bad parts as we could imagine. If you’re still here with us, and still feel that you’re up to the task of dog ownership, then the next blog article will help guide you on what kind of a dog to get. If you wish to be notified when we post the new blog, be sure to subscribe to our newsletter.


How to correctly weigh your dog and measure their height

Ideal weight of your dog

  • Extends their lifespan
  • Helps your dog stay healthy and active during added years
  • Correct dog diet helps your dog to be one happy pupster

While a cute little chubby puppy looks stinking adorable, keeping them close to their ideal weight is much healthier for them and can extend their lifespan – in some cases even up to two years. It is also important that they stay healthy and active during those added years.

Dog obesity adds serious health risks, such as the development of sugar diabetes that can require regular treatment with insulin, digestive disorders, increased risk of heart disease, blood pressure (hypertension), cancer and surgical and anesthetic risk, decreased liver, kidney and immune function as well skin and hair coat issues.

On top of all that, the added weight also causes decreased stamina, difficulty breathing and a higher risk of damage to joints, bones and ligaments. It should be noted, that although obesity is a more common issue, dogs being underweight are at health risk as well. Quite scary, but a correct dog diet coupled with regular exercise will help them grow from a healthy and happy pupster to a big and loving dog!

Main goal of Pawsm mobile app

  • monitors food intake
  • monitors daily activity
  • nutrient calculator for optimal daily meal
  • helps you reach optimal dog weight

Keeping dogs healthy by monitoring their food intake and exercise, was our main goal when making the PAWSM mobile dog app. We made a special nutrient calculator for optimal feeding based on established veterinarian formulas, that take your chosen dog food (which you can pick out in our dog food database, or add your own if it’s not yet logged, or even do a range search of desired ingredients each dog food contains), their daily exercise and of course their basic data such as breed, sex, weight, age, height, etc.

Some measurements, most commonly their height, are also needed to determine a dog’s ideal weight and weighing them periodically is needed to determine their starting point and progress made. While the mobile app helps with choosing the food and logging in their daily exercise and some of the basic data, it can’t (yet ^^) help with weighing your dog or measuring their height. No worries though, we have you covered there as well with a short tutorial that will help you gather your dog’s data correctly.

Measuring your dog’s height

Dog’s height is the distance between the dog’s withers and the floor. The withers on a dog is the highest point of their shoulder blades (at the base of the neck). The easiest way is to place your dog next to a wall, make sure the dog is standing up straight, and place a long ruler on top of your dog’s withers perpendicular to the wall. Then simply measure the distance between that perpendicular point on the wall and the floor.

Weighing your dog

Weighing your dog is simple when it comes to small dogs (put him on a home scale and keep them steady for as long as the scale needs). But it gets progressively harder with the weight and size of the dog.

The next trick is to weigh yourself and then weigh yourself while holding the dog; the difference between the two is the dog’s weight.

XL sized breeds, that are rather heavy to hold in hand, require some improvisation. The usual trick is to place a board on the home scale to enlarge the platform (remember to take the weight of the board into account). If that however doesn’t work for you, you can try going to the vet where they have scales with larger platforms. Buying a large platform scale is of course also an option.

Voila! Your dog has been weighed and measured. Now you just have to insert the data in the PAWSM app and you’re done!

Stay PAWSM, be awesome 😉

How does Pawsm mobile app work?


Awesome Homemade Dog Food Preparation and Recipes

Sometimes simply buying store-bought dog food doesn’t really cut it. There are plenty of reasons why that happens, ranging from very good reasons to unfounded fears. However, if you decide to go down that route, you have to first inform yourself of the dangers and pitfalls of making dog food at home.

While buying “complete and balanced” dog food is the safer and in most cases a better option, this article is not meant to persuade or dissuade you from preparing your own dog food, but it will try to shed some light on the reality of dog food preparation.

Reasons why people make homemade dog food

The best reason for making your own dog food is of course if the dog food that your dog requires, does not exist in stores. Occasionally the dog requires special diets, which would look contradictory or unnecessarily difficult to make in store-bought foods. For example, a diet for a dog with a deficiency in digestible enzymes (as little fiber as possible) and diabetes (high-fiber, low-fat diet).

Another reason is wanting to do something for your dog. Perhaps your dog is allergic to an ingredient, but you don’t know which? Elimination trial is the way to go.

Some people consider preparing food for their dog to be a type of bonding experience. Others, in an attempt to make food more natural, want the dog to eat what they eat; in forms of either table scraps or foods similar to theirs.

Then there is the growing group that tries to make vegetarian or vegan food for their dog (it is recommended that a veterinarian is consulted before making the switch). 

And people who, due to misunderstanding the food label, wish to avoid “chemicals” in prepared dog foods. Commercial dog food additives and vitamins such as thiamin mononitrate (provides B1 Vitamin) or sodium selenite (provides sodium and selenite) are often misunderstood as unnecessary chemistry.

Before deciding to make your own dog food

  • Consult a veterinarian.
  • Get good recipes.
  • Familiarize yourself with dog food preparation.
  • Find a good source of ingredients and supplements (don’t swap recipe ingredients on your own).
  • Get a food scale.

Dangers of making homemade dog food

  • Getting the dietary requirements wrong. Dog diets and human diets are quite different. So feeding a dog with the human “low fat” diet doesn’t work.
  • Getting the ratios wrong. Feeding the dog an all-meat diet might feel like a good idea, but they also need other nutrients. Refer to the table near the end of this article: https://pawsm.si/2019/09/25/guaranteed-analysis-the-perfect-dog-meal-and-what-does-pawsm-do-for-you/
  • Getting bad recipes. Sometimes well-meaning fellow dog owners give less than good advice, and the internet is not to be believed. Get good recipes from nutritionists and trusted sources.
  • Not following the recipes. Sometimes cooking the meat with or without the bone makes a difference in the end result. Using substitute ingredients, or ignoring supplements can and most likely will result in a significantly different end result.
  • Accidentally adding contaminants. Commercially prepared dog foods can sometimes be contaminated (but there are checks in place). The ingredients you use are no exception – use trusted sources of food (avoiding pesticides, herbicides, meat from medicated animals, etc.).

A good recipe and preparation guideline (for a regular diet)

  • A good recipe requires a good balance of food groups (carbs/fiber from cooked cereal, protein source, fat source, minerals, vitamin).
  • Protein: 15-30 %
    Fats: 5+ %
    Carbohydrates: 40-50 %
    Fiber: under 5 %
    Calcium: 0,5-0,8 %
    Potassium: 0,6 %
    (Calcium: Phosphorus): 1:1 / 2:1
  • Cooked vegetables and fruits are easier to digest.
  • Washing grains before cooking is recommended (pesticides).
  • Cook carbs and meats (protein) separately as protein coagulate at lower temperatures and are thus less digestible.
  • Use vitamin and mineral supplements.

Pawsm treat for every pupper

Pawsm Peanut Crunchies
Treats are not a mandatory part of a dog’s diet, however most of us can’t help but give additional treats to our dogs. Treats are a reward or a motivation to our dogs, used both in play and in teaching/learning. And they can’t resist them. 
To make crunchies we need:
• 500 grams of wholegrain flour
• 200 grams of oatmeal (porridge)
• 5 grams of cinnamon
• 200 grams of peanut butter
• 2 dcl of water
• 2 dcl of chicken soup
Mix the first three listed (dry) ingredients. Mix the last three listed (wet) ingredients and heat them in a microwave for 15-30 seconds – which should turn it into a smooth fluid. Mix the two batches by pouring the wet ingredients into the dry ones and then knead it into dough. Take care that the liquids are not too hot to handle!
Separate the dough into small balls which you then flatten into cookies. If you want to you can also use bone shaped biscuit molds. Place the future cookies onto a baking tray (use of baking paper sheets is recommended) and bake for approximately 15 minutes at 160°C. After 15 minutes turn the oven off and let the cookies slowly cool in the oven.
Peanut crunchies are a healthy and delicious treat for your dog. However be aware that they are packed with fats, so we shouldn’t give too many (1-2/day) to overweight dogs.
In addition we need to be alert if the dog is allergic to any of the ingredients.  If the dog ever had any reaction to any of the listed ingredients, you need to leave that one out and replace it with something else. If we are uncertain how the dog will handle the treat, we first offer only a small piece of the cookie and watch for any reaction. 
As an example, 10g cookie according to this recipe has approximate:
  • Caloric value: 30 kcal 
  • Fat: 0,90g
  • Carbohydrates: 3,80g
  • Protein: 1,4g 
Save the treats in an airtight container in the refrigerator.
Bone appetit!

Big bangs and panicky dogs

It’s that time of the year again; when we humans get to celebrate and (some) dogs get terrified due to fireworks and firecrackers. It’s not a problem for every dog, but for some, it’s an event with lasting consequences. 

There are ways of dealing with it; some work better than others, but it really depends on the dog. Here are some ideas for getting your dog ready and through the season of big bangs.

Prevention and preparation:

  • Precondition your dog in advance by playing him audio (video too, if they are afraid of the lights) of fireworks and firecrackers on a quiet and later on normal setting (preferably not in the same session). Act normally during this, without giving them comfort hugs – if they feel you’re worried it’s only gonna make things worse.
  • If this isn’t your first rodeo and you know your dog gets very panicky, then talk to a veterinarian about getting them some mild sedative for D-day (under no circumstances should you try and give them human sedatives as you would most likely end up killing your dog). But this is a somewhat drastic course of action.
  • Prepare your home. The house/yard should be open for wandering but escape-proof in case your dog gets really panicked and tries to run. Prepare some blankets in their favorite spots (sometimes the noises are the quietest in bathrooms, so that’s one of the spots you might consider) and open the doors for them to choose their place.

During the cannonade:

  • If your dog is scared of the light flashes of the fireworks, consider pulling the curtains closed so the flashes of light aren’t visible.
  • If your dog is scared of the bangs, play some white noise in the background (TV, Radio, etc.) to drown out some of the outside noise.
  • ACT NATURALLY. Don’t drag your dog into your lap and give them a death hug. If the dog thinks their human is worried they’ll panic even more. Act calm and composed and do things normally around them. If they sense you’re calm, they’ll worry less.

There are more ideas available in the vast expanses of the internet, but these are the tried and tested approaches that have shown a measure of success in certain cases. So good luck to you and your pupper during the holiday season, may it be a peaceful and calm one. 

Good news !

The goverment of the Republic of Slovenia has adopted a ban and the sale of pyrotechnics. 

You can read more on MOJ PES
And remember, use PAWSM be AWESOME.


Dogs and Fruit

Fruits are great, but there are certain do’s and don’ts we must be wary of…


Yes: Apple, Banana, Blackberries, Blueberries, Cantaloupe, Pear, Pineapple, Raspberries, Strawberries

If you remove pits: Apricot, Peach, Plum, Mango

NO! : Avocado, Currant, Grapes, Raisins

Fruits can be a great snack for dogs and humans alike as they tend to be packed with vitamins, antioxidants and fiber. Fresh fruits tend to be a better treat than commercially available treats, but due to their high sugar content, fruits should be added to dog’s diet in moderation.

Supplementing your dog’s usual chow with fruit is a great idea, but there are certain things you should pay attention to. Give your dog a sugar and potassium rich banana and he’ll love it; but feed him an avocado and you’re gambling with his life…

How to introduce fruits into your dogs diet:

When preparing fruit treats you should always check that the fruit is safe for dogs, as some fruits can cause serious problems or even kill your dog. 

While preparing the fruit take care to wash it, peel it and cut it into bite sized chunks. Remove any seeds or pits (choking hazard, bowel obstruction and often contains cyanide). You should always check for any surface mold; if any is found, discard the fruit altogether. 

Introduce the fruit treats gradually while looking for any side effects. Just like humans, dogs can have food sensitivities or even allergies. Even if the fruit is on the list of foods dogs can eat, caution and moderation is advised. 

Foods which are OK:

Apple (High in fibre, low in fat. Remove the seeds.) Banana (Rich in potassium and carbohydrates. High in sugar.) Blueberries, blackberries, raspberries (Rich in antioxidant, and full of vitamins.) Cantaloupe (Rich in water and fiber. High in Sugar.) Pear (Contains vitamins C and K. Remove the seeds.) Pineapple (Contains vitamins, zinc and folate. High in sugar.) Strawberries (Contains manganese, iron, copper, magnesium. High in sugar; contains a protein which can cause allergic reaction (swelling of the dog’s lips) ) 

Foods which are OK after you remove pits:

Apricot, Peach, Plum (Full of antioxidant, vitamins C, E and K)

Mango (Contains vitamins A, B6, C and E)

Toxic to dogs:

Avocado, Currant, Grapes, Raisins

In conclusion, fruits are great; but you need to keep track of what and how much you give to your dog. Often too much of a good thing can be worse than nothing.

Stay PAWSM, be awesome!


Perfect Dog Food Storage and Dog Bowls

Bigger isn’t always better

Everyone likes buying dog food a little bit cheaper, and the most common way of doing that is buying it in bulk. Bigger packaging usually means that you end up with a gigantic bad of dog food that keeps drying out, which is… well bad. The problem with food drying out is that even dry food contains various fats/oils which start oxidizing (long story short: food goes bad and mold starts to develop). We try to delay this by repackaging the food into air-tight/sealed containers which are usually made out of plastic, which can … cause some issues.

The issues with plastic… (and unglazed ceramic and wood)

Plastic not being the best thing for your health is really not a secret; compounds BPA (carcinogenic, hormone-mimicking) and BPS (causes diabetes, obesity, and cancer in minute concentrations) are both an issue on their own. Also, add phthalates (makes plastic softer; disrupt endocrine system) to that mix. That being said, the situation is improving (being regulated) in this field.

There is however the issue of basic properties of plastic (and unglazed ceramic, and wood); specifically micropores and micro-scratches – which are a breeding ground for bacteria. Cleaning the containers daily will help alleviate the problem, but remember to use softer materials during cleaning or you’ll be creating more and more scratches on the material.

So what are the alternatives? Use glass or metallic airtight containers which you then clean regularly (use stuff that doesn’t scratch). If you don’t have one, then pack dog food into smaller airtight sealable bags and then place those into a dark, dry, and cool container. 

What about bowls?

Bowls are the same as any other container; if they get micro scratches they can become a breeding ground for bacteria. You can prolong the use of a single bowl by avoiding plastic, wooden, and ceramic (glazed and unglazed) bowls. Typically glazed ceramic or glass would be just fine until it breaks and becomes a hazard to the dog. The alternative is providing your dog with a new plastic bowl every year or so. 

In the world of dog bowls safety – metal is king – easy to clean, resistant, and durable. But it tends to look a bit boring and plain. It’s a trade-off.

Anything else I should know about dog bowls?

Of course. If you have a big dog, try not to put the bowls on the floor, as it makes it harder for the dog to eat; put it about 6 inches below the height of their shoulders. If you do this, use bowls that have an anti-skid bottom to help avoid unnecessary cleanup.

Clean bowls daily! If it’s not clean enough for you to eat out of, then neither should your dog.

Stay PAWSM, be awesome! 


Guaranteed Analysis, the Perfect Dog Meal and What does PAWSM app Do For You.

The last post was on topic of dog food labels, where we omitted the guaranteed analysis. This time we tackle the most important yet hardest to understand part of the declaration… and connect it to PAWSM and the perfect meal. 

Guaranteed analysis

Guaranteed analysis or typical analysis tells you how much of which nutrient is contained in your dog food. Between the US and EU there are slight differences in how and which information is stated. In the US the minimum percentage of crude protein and crude fat, and maximum percentage of moisture and fiber must be stated; while in the EU the law dictates that the label states the average amount of crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber and ash from several samples. Also moisture must be stated if it exceeds 14%.

The term crude refers to the method of testing and not, as one might assume, the quality of the nutrient.

Next we’ll take a look at each important nutrient stated in guaranteed analysis:


Proteins are organic compounds, made out of amino acids connected via peptide bonds. Some of these amino acids the dog’s body creates on its own (non-essential amino acids), and some need to be ingested (essential amino acids). It is necessary to balance amino acids in these proteins and various types of diets require different supplements (for example in vegetable based diets for dogs the amino acid Taurin is added).

Excess of protein in dog’s diet can also be detrimental; overfeeding puppies with protein can lead to skeletal issues in adult life.

Proteins are used by the body as both as a building block of hormones, enzymes, tissues,… as well as an energy source. The protein amount required varies in dog’s life stages.


Fats are the most efficient energy source. There are essential and non-essential types of fats, both of which are absolutely essential for life. The difference is that non-essential can be made by the dog’s body, while the essential ones must be derived from an outside source (plant or animal matter).

There is a lot that could be written about types of fats, and their composition, but the main use that the dog’s body has for them in addition to being used as energy source and a source of essential fats is the absorption of vitamins A, D, E and K.

Unbalanced (deficient) diet of fats can cause growth issues, hinders physical ability and causes weight loss. Overfeeding of fats on the other hand can cause pancreatitis, cardiovascular and heart problems.


Carbohydrates are primarily a source of energy, but can also help with digestion. They can be found in forms of fiber, starch and sugar. Dogs use starches and sugar as a form of energy, while fiber helps with digestion. Fiber can be either soluble or insoluble.

Carbohydrates are the first and most efficient energy source, once these run out the body turns to converting fats and protein into energy.

The correct amount of carbohydrates VS protein and fats as an energy source is a constant source of debate among dog nutritionists.


Dogs cannot convert fiber into energy, but it is used in other ways. There are soluble and insoluble fibers. The soluble fibers are useful for growth of “good” bacteria in the dog’s digestive tract. Those bacteria helps keep the dogs digestive system healthy. The insoluble fiber absorbs water and assists in gut mobility.


When dealing with moisture it is important to understand, that moisture is not just filler, but a reflection of the raw materials used. For example muscle meat used in dog food naturally contains approximately 75% moisture; therefore dog food does not contain 25% muscle meat and 75% water, but 100% muscle meat and 75% moisture. Dry foods though, are simply dehydrated versions of the original.

Using dry food increases the amount of water a dog has to drink, and vice versa. There are benefits to both types of foods, and it is recommended to use a mix.


Represents the mineral content of the food. After the food is incinerated for the purpose of testing, the residue represents the amount of mineral nutrients (calcium, phosphorus, zinc, iron,…).


EU requires dog foods to also list additives: Vitamins, copper, preservatives, antioxidants and coloring agents.

So what goes in a perfect (balanced) dog meal?

Here is where PAWSM shines through, as it helps you mathematically apply the list below in conjunction with your dog’s data you provide and the guaranteed analysis of your chosen food.

  • Protein: 15-30%
  • Fats: 5+%
  • Carbohydrates: 40-50%
  • Fiber: under 5%
  • Calcium: 0,5-0,8%
  • Potassium: 0,6%
  • (Calcium : Phosphorus): 1:1 / 2:1

The list above is pretty much the content of any commercially available “complete and balanced” dog food; and barring any special conditions it meets all of dog’s needs. It’s just a matter of dosage; and that’s where it all gets very technical.

The energy balance

All of dog’s movement, breathing and all other bodily functions expend energy. In case of dog nutrition, the typical unit for energy use is the calorie (specifically gram calorie: defined as the amount of heat energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree celsius).

Because the calorie is a very small unit the kilocalorie (kcal) or 1000 calories is in use. Joule (official SI unit of energy) is also occasionally used; 1 calorie = 4.184 joules. The energy requirement for a dog is typically given as kcal/day.

Energy balance is the difference between the energy intake and energy expenditure; meaning for example: if the dog eats less calories than he’s spending, he will start losing weight. The amount of energy required to maintain the dog in the state of energy balance is usually referred to as maintenance energy requirement; which means that the energy intake and expenditure are the same.

There is more science underneath; resting energy expenditure, activity related energy expenditure, heat increments (thermic effect of feeding) and facultative thermogenesis (heat regulation) and more. However understanding energy balance should suffice for now.

So what does PAWSM do?

PAWSM app helps you balance it all out. The nutrient requirements and the energy requirements. It tells you where your dog should be weight wise, and helps you get there. It also helps you find food in case of special diets.

In short, it makes your life easier and your dog’s life healthier. And ultimately, that’s what we all want.

Stay Pawsm, be awesome! 


What About Water?

Water is life, and there are things every responsible dog owner should know.

Abstract water:

  • Keep the water bowl full and clean.
  • Bring water with you on longer hikes.
  • Watch out for signs of dehydration or hyponatremia.
  • Don’t play fetch with your dog in water all day long.
  • Don’t spray water directly down your dog’s throat (watch out for water sprinklers).

It should hopefully be no surprise to any dog owner that dogs require water. For dogs water is the other lifeblood; necessary in digestion, movement and cooling down. How much water a dog needs is usually decided on by the dog himself, but there are things a responsible dog owner should know… 

Are your dog’s nose, mouth, gums or eyes dry? All of these are signs of. Go check their water bowl. Usually dogs regulate their own water needs, so your worry should be to keep their water bowl full – especially during hot summer days. Without access to water your dog could suffer from heat stroke due to inability to cool down; or in cases of sustained water deficiencies they could die due to organ failure. 

Another water related danger is hyponatremia – ingestion of too much water, which unbalances bodily fluids (sodium levels). It is rare in healthy dogs, but it does happen. Smaller dogs are more susceptible due to smaller amounts of water required. The problem tends to arise when water is forced down the dog’s throat; for example, when they’re swimming with their mouths open (playing fetch in water), or when having a water hose spraying directly into their mouths. Another situation is a dog gulping down large amounts of water after a strenuous activity – during which the dog had no access to water – if he drinks his entire water bowl, you should not refill it immediately. Bring water with you on longer hikes and this will be less of a danger. 

Signs of hyponatremia: vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, loss of coordination. 

Third water danger has to do with water cleanliness. Bacteria buildup is a serious problem even in clean looking water bowls. Dog bowls should be kept as clean, and be cleaned as often as your own water glass. Simply emptying the bowl and replacing the water is not enough – clean it daily and thoroughly. 

Stay PAWSM, be awesome!

PAWSM Free Nutrient Calculator is awesome!

PAWSM Nutrient Calculator is a complex construct and explaining everything would be quite hard, but here is a short attempt of making its inner workings clearer…

There are a lot of intricacies in the functioning of PAWSM Nutrient Calculator, but at its core it balances dog’s energy consumption (activity) and dog’s nutrient needs (protein, fats, fiber).

There are different types of activity that use different amounts of energy. Simply breathing and doing nothing in particular expends energy; this is usually referred to as “resting energy requirement”. That is one part of the equation.

Now imagine yourself walking and then running. Think of the difference in movement and which muscles were used. All of that affects how much energy is used during an activity; in humans and in dogs.

PAWSM Nutrient Calculator takes activity input and converts it into energy and nutrient needs, while taking into account the desired result (staying in shape, losing or gaining weight). Needs are then compared to your chosen dog food’s guaranteed nutrient analysis and appropriate amount of food is calculated.

There are other factors and details that are relevant to the calculations, such as dog’s breed, age, sex and current weight and if one is an expert in dogs and mathematics it’s quite possible to do it on your own. But why complicate, when PAWSM App makes it easy?

Stay Pawsm, be awesome!