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Dog breeds, their needs, and finding which dog fits

After careful deliberation, you’ve finally decided to get a dog (yay!), but now there is a new question: What type of dog should I get?  There are 3 main topics you should think about before getting a dog: what dog breed suits your personality best, what kind of temperament you seek in a dog, and what kind of conditions and restraints your environment poses?

Before we get into details, are you completely sure you are ready to be a dog owner? If there are still some doubts left, we invite you to check out our previous blog post [5 tips before getting a dog and giving them a nice home] 

Personality types and lifestyle

Even though each puppy has their own personality, they are heavily influenced by their breed and no two breeds are exactly the same. The main differences derive from the reasons why they were originally bred for. It is easy to assume that herding dogs will need more exercise as their job description involves running around all day and herding other animals, or Huskies that need to pull a sled for a long time and distances. Or that hunting dogs will be more alert and jumpy, with some being  even louder than others to chase the prey your way. So understanding dog breeds and finding one that suits your lifestyle best will be beneficial to you as well as the puppy coming into your home.

If you’ve found a dog breed that fits your current lifestyle, don’t forget to think about the future as well. As they will stay with you for a long long time, it’s important that you keep in mind your future lifestyle as well. So, are you active, sedentary, outgoing, introverted, or a social butterfly? Are you a hunter? Or perhaps you have special needs that your doggo could help with? All of that should be considered when choosing a dog breed.

Active lifestyle

Are you active? If you thought about getting a dog to help you keep in shape and be more outgoing, be sure you are truly up for the challenge. As some breeds are ok with a simple walk around the block, some may need a lot more exercise (think about dog breeds that were bred especially for physically demanding jobs like herding, hunting, and the likes).

Here are 10 dog breeds that need a lot of exercise:

  • Border Collie
  • Dalmatian
  • Jack Russell Terrier
  • Portuguese Pointer
  • Rhodesian Ridgeback
  • Shiloh Shepherd
  • Siberian Husky
  • Taiwan Dog
  • Transylvanian Hound
  • Weimaraner

Couch potatoes

Alternatively, if you are searching for a dog that needs less exercise and perhaps more cuddles on the couch, here are 10 low-maintenance dog breeds:

  • Basset Hound
  • Bolognese
  • Brussels Griffon
  • Chihuahua
  • Greyhound
  • Maltese
  • Pekingese
  • Pug
  • Shih Tzu
  • Tibetan Spaniel

Let’s be zen together

Active and loud is not always the best fit for you. Sometimes, you just need some downtime when you arrive home after a full workday and what you need are cuddles and quiet.

Here are 10 calm dog breeds you might consider:

  • Bassett Hound
  • Boerboel
  • Cavalier King Charles
  • Clumber Spaniel
  • English Bulldog
  • Great Dane
  • Greyhound
  • Newfoundland
  • Shar-Pei
  • Shih Tzu
Pawsm dog nutrition app is live and for free on play and app store.
Available on Play and APP store.

My Guardian

When you are in need of protection, you may consider getting a dog that will help you with that as well. Here are 10 guard dog breeds you may consider:

  • Akita
  • Belgian Malinois
  • Bullmastiff
  • Cane Corso
  • Doberman Pinscher
  • German Shepherd
  • Puli
  • Rhodesian Ridgeback
  • Rottweiler
  • Staffordshire Bull Terrier

Breed health and temperament

Let’s say you’re a quiet introvert, a book lover that doesn’t venture out a lot. A nice fit would be an Irish Wolfhound – a kind and quiet teddy bear that offers companionship and affection. But what if you would like to be more active and push yourself to be more outgoing? Then a better fit might be an energetic, but still very cuddly Cairn Terrier. How about if you would prefer to have a smart, yet still calm guard dog? Then maybe the best option is a German shepherd. What we are hinting at is that it’s equally important that your dog’s temperament matches your expectations and needs as well as your type of personality.

Health risks

We don’t really want to think about our puppies getting ill, but we should be prepared for the possibilities that they might be (and pay special attention to possible signs). As dog breeds are unlike personality-wise, they also differ on health risks. For example, Cocker Spaniels and similar breeds with big floppy, furry ears are prone to frequent ear infections. Pugs and other breeds with squashed faces and bulgy eyes are at risk of eye problems. Poodles are also at a high risk of eye diseases. Great Danes and many large breeds are prone to hip dysplasia and gastric dilation and volvulus. Because of their long bodies, Dachshunds are at higher risk for back injuries and spinal disk problems. Collapsing trachea is common with Chihuahuas and other toy breeds. They are also prone to the Little White Shaker Syndrome, which is what it sounds like – an illness that causes shaking and possible issues when walking. Bulldogs are susceptible to breathing problems.

Foodies

With a lack of sufficient amount of exercise and an incorrect amount of food, there is a high risk of your dog becoming overweight. Luckily, there are ways to determine the correct amount of food your dog needs to consume daily – one tool that can help with that is the [PAWSM mobile app], which has a special nutrient calculator for optimal feeding based on established veterinarian formulas. It takes into account your chosen dog food, the dog’s daily exercise, and of course their basic data such as breed, sex, weight, age, height, etc. If you’re not sure [how to correctly weigh or measure your dog], we’ve made a small tutorial you can check out as well.

Here are 10 dog breeds that are prone to obesity:

  • Basset Hound
  • Beagle
  • Boxer
  • Bulldog
  • Dachshund
  • English Mastiff
  • Golden Retriever
  • Pug
  • Scottish Terrier
  • Yorkies

Don’t get me mad

Some dogs are more temperamental than others. Mostly it’s defined as barking, biting, lunging, snarling, etc. towards other people or dogs. If you think you can handle them, here is a list of 10 aggressive dog breeds:

  • American Pit Bull Terrier
  • Chihuahua
  • Dachshund
  • Chow Chow
  • Doberman Pinscher
  • Dalmatian
  • Rottweiler
  • Jack Russell Terrier
  • German Shepherd
  • Siberian Husky

Family-friendly

When it’s not just you, but there are younglings around (or will be in the future) that should be taken into account as well. Here are 10 family-friendly dog breeds you might look into:

  • Boxer
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  • Collie
  • Golden Retriever
  • Great Dane
  • Labrador Retriever
  • Newfoundland
  • Poodle
  • Pug
  • Saint Bernard

Environmental restrictions and conditions

Even if you have found the perfect breed that fits your personality and has the temperament you desire, that is still not enough. Every doggo deserves to have the perfect home as well. And we’re not talking about a loving family, but the right environment where they can flourish. You can’t have a Great Dane confined in a studio apartment that already houses a cat, a hamster, and a family of three, can you?

No matter the breed, there are still some conditions that you need to cater to, such as providing:

  • food and water
  • a comfortable, dry, draught-free, clean, and quiet place to rest
  • designated toilet place or regular opportunities to go to an appropriate place
  • access to a place where they can exercise at least once a day, play, and possibly meet other dogs
  • a place to hide if afraid
  • suitable objects to entertain themselves, chew, and play with
  • suitable size and temperature of any place they will stay at (even when in transport), as well as appropriate comfort
  • security and safety from hazards
  • supervision and not let them stray

That said, everything we’ve pointed out from their temperament, personality, different health risks, to special conditions of each breed, environmental restrictions, and also our wishes, it should all be carefully considered when choosing what breed our furry companion should be.

Have you already found your perfect breed?

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5 reasons to get a dog and give them a nice home

What to consider before getting a dog? Let’s list the benefits of owning a dog as well as some caveats in an organized list. We know, it’s a strange topic for a blog dedicated to helping existing dog owners with their pets’ diet and nutrition. However, this is the post to which you can direct would-be dog owners with doubts.

Reasons to get a dog

Let’s start with the 5 good reasons first:

  • Companionship
  • Fitness and activity
  • Responsibility and patience
  • Purpose
  • Protection

Companionship

Humans are sociable beings that need companionship. A dog can be that furry friend for you, just like you must then be their companion. People with dogs (and pets in general) tend to live longer and report less stress – that has something to do with dopamine and serotonin (wellbeing and happiness hormones) being released when you’re happy. Studies show that man’s best friend really does improve your mental health; because dogs are great. 

Study sponsored by University of Arizona show that in addition to previously mentioned reducing of stress, dogs can also improve children’s immune system.  

Fitness and activity

It’s not only our loneliness that gets lessened but due to having to take care of your dog you also get some benefits from the physical activity involved. Dog owners have lower blood pressure.  That probably has something to do with the fact, that dogs are great companions in your daily exercise. Walking your dog is almost like a fitness routine. And yes, walking your dog is a must.

Responsibility, patience and purpose

Taking care of your dog also teaches you responsibility and patience. A dog can’t clean after itself, a dog can’t go on a walk alone (actually it can, but that tends to end with the dog’s picture on the missing poster), can’t pour their own water or put dog food in their bowl. You must do that; day after day – every day.

Purpose

For some elderly people having pets actually gives them purpose – they can be their reason to get up in the morning. Seeing a dog happily wagging its tail makes you feel good and can also teach you a lot about yourself and how you can be better.

Protection

And finally, there is the reason of protection; and we don’t just mean physical protection. Dogs can improve a person’s emotional stability and keep some of the bad things at bay. Think of therapy dogs, guide dogs, rescue dogs, or dogs that help the physically impaired. Protection that goes beyond big teeth and loud bark.


Then there are the 5 absolutely wrong reasons to get a dog:

  • Fashion and fads
  • Impulse buy
  • Because the kids want one
  • A living being as a gift
  • Avoiding Corona Virus lockdown restrictions

Fashion and fads

The worst possible reason to get a dog is to get one as a fashion accessory. Getting a living being simply as a fashion statement is cruel to the dog because these owners then tend to get bored of the dog… Especially if the trends start to shift.

Impulse buy

Getting a dog should always be well planned and researched and never an impulse buy. While dogs (and cats) might not live for as long as humans do, they do have considerable life spans and will be around for years to come. If you get one on an impulse and then decide you hate having them, you’ll be ruining a portion of your life and the entirety of theirs.

Because the kids want one

Similarly, you shouldn’t get a dog just because the kids want one. Children can be fickle and have perfect images, with no problems. Sometimes it works out, the other times you, rather than the children, will become the dog’s provider; so be prepared for that.

A living being as a gift

Giving a dog to someone as a gift without discussing it with the person is decidedly less than a wise thing to do. While people may say they want a dog, they might not mean it; also when people are mourning their previous dog, they might not want another puppy. So just – don’t.

Avoiding lockdown restrictions

This last one is a more recent addition… Don’t get a dog to avoid corona lockdown restrictions. We’ll get over the restrictions eventually, but your dog will remain and they will need unconditional love. So if you’re not a dog lover, just don’t. 

Where to get a dog?

  • Dog shelter
  • Dog Breeder
  • Ads
  • By asking people

There are several places where one may procure their canine companion. It’s important to note here that different countries have different laws and different ways of doing things. For example, answering a post on social media and getting a dog that comes from a puppy mill here in Slovenia is not something that you’d expect to happen. But in some places, it might be an issue.

Dog shelter

Generally speaking the best place (ethically speaking) to get your dog is a dog shelter. Getting a dog from a shelter means a better life for the dog you rescued, and better conditions for other dogs in the shelter. It can also be less expensive as this way usually involves just small administrative fees that help run the shelter.

Dog Breeder

Another way is to get a dog from a dog breeder. It tends to be the best way if you want a purebred dog with a documented pedigree. This way of obtaining a dog tends to be quite costly and you should be cautious and check carefully to get a dog from a reputable breeder (in the USA, you might want to check the American Kennel Club breeder referral for example) to avoid getting a dog from a puppy mill.

Ads

Ads online and printed ones are also an option in getting a dog, but the chance of stumbling on a dog from a puppy mill rises exponentially. [Yes, we really dislike puppy mills.]

By asking people

Finally, you get hints on exactly where to get a dog by asking other dog owners, your friends and acquaintances, and people in your social media reach. These dogs are often headed towards kennels, cost nothing, and are in greatest need of homes.

Presentation of main Pawsm mobile app features.
PAWSM is a dog nutrition mobile app


Finally, are you really the dog owner type

Can you deal with the additional hassle?

Getting a canine companion comes with great rewards, but also involves a lot of work and inconveniences. A dog companion is another member of the family; one that can’t simply be left behind alone for long amounts of time. If you want to go on a vacation, you will also need to consider what to do with the dog; take them with you or get someone to look after them. And if there are fireworks going off outside and your doggo is petrified what do you do?

PS: We have a blog post dealing with fireworks and big bangs 

Can you deal with the unpleasant part?

Dogs also come in a common package with dog poop, dog pee, dog barf, chewed and scratched furniture and clothes, destroyed items of importance, midnight howls, and own temperament that sometimes rivals that of a 4-year-old.

Can you deal with the daily grind?

Then there are the daily responsibilities. Dogs don’t come with an off or a mute button. They need to be taken on walks (even in bad weather), their bowls need to be cleaned and refilled, and quite simply put, their needs of you – will be bigger than your need of them.

Dogs are a part of your world, you are the entirety of theirs. They need you to be there to play with them, to hug them, to be the recipient of their licks and every other form of endearment they have for you. And you have to love them back. You have to be there for them, and you have to be there with them.

PS: We have a blog post dealing with bowls

Talk to a dog owner in person

PAWSM is ultimately a dog nutrition and dieting app’s blog; and not really a group dealing with each individual aspect of dog ownership. We cannot imagine or convey every single possible benefit and issue that an individual might have within being a dog owner.

To help YOU decide you should find a dog owner to talk to in person. They might be better able to convey all these things to you in your specific situation. If this blog post scared you, then it did its purpose; being a dog owner is not something that should be taken lightly, if not for your sake, then for the good of the dog.

We did our best to scare you and showed you as many bad parts as we could imagine. If you’re still here with us, and still feel that you’re up to the task of dog ownership, then the next blog article will help guide you on what kind of a dog to get. If you wish to be notified when we post the new blog, be sure to subscribe to our newsletter.

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How to correctly weigh your dog and measure their height

Ideal weight of your dog

  • Extends their lifespan
  • Helps your dog stay healthy and active during added years
  • Correct dog diet helps your dog to be one happy pupster

While a cute little chubby puppy looks stinking adorable, keeping them close to their ideal weight is much healthier for them and can extend their lifespan – in some cases even up to two years. It is also important that they stay healthy and active during those added years.

Dog obesity adds serious health risks, such as the development of sugar diabetes that can require regular treatment with insulin, digestive disorders, increased risk of heart disease, blood pressure (hypertension), cancer and surgical and anesthetic risk, decreased liver, kidney and immune function as well skin and hair coat issues.

On top of all that, the added weight also causes decreased stamina, difficulty breathing and a higher risk of damage to joints, bones and ligaments. It should be noted, that although obesity is a more common issue, dogs being underweight are at health risk as well. Quite scary, but a correct dog diet coupled with regular exercise will help them grow from a healthy and happy pupster to a big and loving dog!

Main goal of Pawsm mobile app

  • monitors food intake
  • monitors daily activity
  • nutrient calculator for optimal daily meal
  • helps you reach optimal dog weight

Keeping dogs healthy by monitoring their food intake and exercise, was our main goal when making the PAWSM mobile dog app. We made a special nutrient calculator for optimal feeding based on established veterinarian formulas, that take your chosen dog food (which you can pick out in our dog food database, or add your own if it’s not yet logged, or even do a range search of desired ingredients each dog food contains), their daily exercise and of course their basic data such as breed, sex, weight, age, height, etc.

Some measurements, most commonly their height, are also needed to determine a dog’s ideal weight and weighing them periodically is needed to determine their starting point and progress made. While the mobile app helps with choosing the food and logging in their daily exercise and some of the basic data, it can’t (yet ^^) help with weighing your dog or measuring their height. No worries though, we have you covered there as well with a short tutorial that will help you gather your dog’s data correctly.

Measuring your dog’s height

Dog’s height is the distance between the dog’s withers and the floor. The withers on a dog is the highest point of their shoulder blades (at the base of the neck). The easiest way is to place your dog next to a wall, make sure the dog is standing up straight, and place a long ruler on top of your dog’s withers perpendicular to the wall. Then simply measure the distance between that perpendicular point on the wall and the floor.

Weighing your dog

Weighing your dog is simple when it comes to small dogs (put him on a home scale and keep them steady for as long as the scale needs). But it gets progressively harder with the weight and size of the dog.

The next trick is to weigh yourself and then weigh yourself while holding the dog; the difference between the two is the dog’s weight.

XL sized breeds, that are rather heavy to hold in hand, require some improvisation. The usual trick is to place a board on the home scale to enlarge the platform (remember to take the weight of the board into account). If that however doesn’t work for you, you can try going to the vet where they have scales with larger platforms. Buying a large platform scale is of course also an option.

Voila! Your dog has been weighed and measured. Now you just have to insert the data in the PAWSM app and you’re done!

Stay PAWSM, be awesome 😉

How does Pawsm mobile app work?

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Awesome Homemade Dog Food Preparation and Recipes

Sometimes simply buying store-bought dog food doesn’t really cut it. There are plenty of reasons why that happens, ranging from very good reasons to unfounded fears. However, if you decide to go down that route, you have to first inform yourself of the dangers and pitfalls of making dog food at home.

While buying “complete and balanced” dog food is the safer and in most cases a better option, this article is not meant to persuade or dissuade you from preparing your own dog food, but it will try to shed some light on the reality of dog food preparation.

Reasons why people make homemade dog food

The best reason for making your own dog food is of course if the dog food that your dog requires, does not exist in stores. Occasionally the dog requires special diets, which would look contradictory or unnecessarily difficult to make in store-bought foods. For example, a diet for a dog with a deficiency in digestible enzymes (as little fiber as possible) and diabetes (high-fiber, low-fat diet).

Another reason is wanting to do something for your dog. Perhaps your dog is allergic to an ingredient, but you don’t know which? Elimination trial is the way to go.

Some people consider preparing food for their dog to be a type of bonding experience. Others, in an attempt to make food more natural, want the dog to eat what they eat; in forms of either table scraps or foods similar to theirs.

Then there is the growing group that tries to make vegetarian or vegan food for their dog (it is recommended that a veterinarian is consulted before making the switch). 

And people who, due to misunderstanding the food label, wish to avoid “chemicals” in prepared dog foods. Commercial dog food additives and vitamins such as thiamin mononitrate (provides B1 Vitamin) or sodium selenite (provides sodium and selenite) are often misunderstood as unnecessary chemistry.

Before deciding to make your own dog food

  • Consult a veterinarian.
  • Get good recipes.
  • Familiarize yourself with dog food preparation.
  • Find a good source of ingredients and supplements (don’t swap recipe ingredients on your own).
  • Get a food scale.

Dangers of making homemade dog food

  • Getting the dietary requirements wrong. Dog diets and human diets are quite different. So feeding a dog with the human “low fat” diet doesn’t work.
  • Getting the ratios wrong. Feeding the dog an all-meat diet might feel like a good idea, but they also need other nutrients. Refer to the table near the end of this article: https://pawsm.si/2019/09/25/guaranteed-analysis-the-perfect-dog-meal-and-what-does-pawsm-do-for-you/
  • Getting bad recipes. Sometimes well-meaning fellow dog owners give less than good advice, and the internet is not to be believed. Get good recipes from nutritionists and trusted sources.
  • Not following the recipes. Sometimes cooking the meat with or without the bone makes a difference in the end result. Using substitute ingredients, or ignoring supplements can and most likely will result in a significantly different end result.
  • Accidentally adding contaminants. Commercially prepared dog foods can sometimes be contaminated (but there are checks in place). The ingredients you use are no exception – use trusted sources of food (avoiding pesticides, herbicides, meat from medicated animals, etc.).

A good recipe and preparation guideline (for a regular diet)

  • A good recipe requires a good balance of food groups (carbs/fiber from cooked cereal, protein source, fat source, minerals, vitamin).
  • Protein: 15-30 %
    Fats: 5+ %
    Carbohydrates: 40-50 %
    Fiber: under 5 %
    Calcium: 0,5-0,8 %
    Potassium: 0,6 %
    (Calcium: Phosphorus): 1:1 / 2:1
  • Cooked vegetables and fruits are easier to digest.
  • Washing grains before cooking is recommended (pesticides).
  • Cook carbs and meats (protein) separately as protein coagulate at lower temperatures and are thus less digestible.
  • Use vitamin and mineral supplements.

Pawsm treat for every pupper

Pawsm Peanut Crunchies
 
Treats are not a mandatory part of a dog’s diet, however most of us can’t help but give additional treats to our dogs. Treats are a reward or a motivation to our dogs, used both in play and in teaching/learning. And they can’t resist them. 
 
To make crunchies we need:
• 500 grams of wholegrain flour
• 200 grams of oatmeal (porridge)
• 5 grams of cinnamon
• 200 grams of peanut butter
• 2 dcl of water
• 2 dcl of chicken soup
 
Mix the first three listed (dry) ingredients. Mix the last three listed (wet) ingredients and heat them in a microwave for 15-30 seconds – which should turn it into a smooth fluid. Mix the two batches by pouring the wet ingredients into the dry ones and then knead it into dough. Take care that the liquids are not too hot to handle!
 
Separate the dough into small balls which you then flatten into cookies. If you want to you can also use bone shaped biscuit molds. Place the future cookies onto a baking tray (use of baking paper sheets is recommended) and bake for approximately 15 minutes at 160°C. After 15 minutes turn the oven off and let the cookies slowly cool in the oven.
 
Peanut crunchies are a healthy and delicious treat for your dog. However be aware that they are packed with fats, so we shouldn’t give too many (1-2/day) to overweight dogs.
 
In addition we need to be alert if the dog is allergic to any of the ingredients.  If the dog ever had any reaction to any of the listed ingredients, you need to leave that one out and replace it with something else. If we are uncertain how the dog will handle the treat, we first offer only a small piece of the cookie and watch for any reaction. 
 
As an example, 10g cookie according to this recipe has approximate:
 
  • Caloric value: 30 kcal 
  • Fat: 0,90g
  • Carbohydrates: 3,80g
  • Protein: 1,4g 
 
Save the treats in an airtight container in the refrigerator.
 
Bone appetit!
 
 
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Big bangs and panicky dogs

It’s that time of the year again; when we humans get to celebrate and (some) dogs get terrified due to fireworks and firecrackers. It’s not a problem for every dog, but for some, it’s an event with lasting consequences. 

There are ways of dealing with it; some work better than others, but it really depends on the dog. Here are some ideas for getting your dog ready and through the season of big bangs.

Prevention and preparation:

  • Precondition your dog in advance by playing him audio (video too, if they are afraid of the lights) of fireworks and firecrackers on a quiet and later on normal setting (preferably not in the same session). Act normally during this, without giving them comfort hugs – if they feel you’re worried it’s only gonna make things worse.
  • If this isn’t your first rodeo and you know your dog gets very panicky, then talk to a veterinarian about getting them some mild sedative for D-day (under no circumstances should you try and give them human sedatives as you would most likely end up killing your dog). But this is a somewhat drastic course of action.
  • Prepare your home. The house/yard should be open for wandering but escape-proof in case your dog gets really panicked and tries to run. Prepare some blankets in their favorite spots (sometimes the noises are the quietest in bathrooms, so that’s one of the spots you might consider) and open the doors for them to choose their place.

During the cannonade:

  • If your dog is scared of the light flashes of the fireworks, consider pulling the curtains closed so the flashes of light aren’t visible.
  • If your dog is scared of the bangs, play some white noise in the background (TV, Radio, etc.) to drown out some of the outside noise.
  • ACT NATURALLY. Don’t drag your dog into your lap and give them a death hug. If the dog thinks their human is worried they’ll panic even more. Act calm and composed and do things normally around them. If they sense you’re calm, they’ll worry less.

There are more ideas available in the vast expanses of the internet, but these are the tried and tested approaches that have shown a measure of success in certain cases. So good luck to you and your pupper during the holiday season, may it be a peaceful and calm one. 

Good news !

The goverment of the Republic of Slovenia has adopted a ban and the sale of pyrotechnics. 

You can read more on MOJ PES
And remember, use PAWSM be AWESOME.

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Dogs and Fruit

Fruits are great, but there are certain do’s and don’ts we must be wary of…

Abstract:

Yes: Apple, Banana, Blackberries, Blueberries, Cantaloupe, Pear, Pineapple, Raspberries, Strawberries

If you remove pits: Apricot, Peach, Plum, Mango

NO! : Avocado, Currant, Grapes, Raisins

Fruits can be a great snack for dogs and humans alike as they tend to be packed with vitamins, antioxidants and fiber. Fresh fruits tend to be a better treat than commercially available treats, but due to their high sugar content, fruits should be added to dog’s diet in moderation.

Supplementing your dog’s usual chow with fruit is a great idea, but there are certain things you should pay attention to. Give your dog a sugar and potassium rich banana and he’ll love it; but feed him an avocado and you’re gambling with his life…

How to introduce fruits into your dogs diet:

When preparing fruit treats you should always check that the fruit is safe for dogs, as some fruits can cause serious problems or even kill your dog. 

While preparing the fruit take care to wash it, peel it and cut it into bite sized chunks. Remove any seeds or pits (choking hazard, bowel obstruction and often contains cyanide). You should always check for any surface mold; if any is found, discard the fruit altogether. 

Introduce the fruit treats gradually while looking for any side effects. Just like humans, dogs can have food sensitivities or even allergies. Even if the fruit is on the list of foods dogs can eat, caution and moderation is advised. 

Foods which are OK:

Apple (High in fibre, low in fat. Remove the seeds.) Banana (Rich in potassium and carbohydrates. High in sugar.) Blueberries, blackberries, raspberries (Rich in antioxidant, and full of vitamins.) Cantaloupe (Rich in water and fiber. High in Sugar.) Pear (Contains vitamins C and K. Remove the seeds.) Pineapple (Contains vitamins, zinc and folate. High in sugar.) Strawberries (Contains manganese, iron, copper, magnesium. High in sugar; contains a protein which can cause allergic reaction (swelling of the dog’s lips) ) 

Foods which are OK after you remove pits:

Apricot, Peach, Plum (Full of antioxidant, vitamins C, E and K)

Mango (Contains vitamins A, B6, C and E)

Toxic to dogs:

Avocado, Currant, Grapes, Raisins

In conclusion, fruits are great; but you need to keep track of what and how much you give to your dog. Often too much of a good thing can be worse than nothing.

Stay PAWSM, be awesome!

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Perfect Dog Food Storage and Dog Bowls

Bigger isn’t always better

Everyone likes buying dog food a little bit cheaper, and the most common way of doing that is buying it in bulk. Bigger packaging usually means that you end up with a gigantic bad of dog food that keeps drying out, which is… well bad. The problem with food drying out is that even dry food contains various fats/oils which start oxidizing (long story short: food goes bad and mold starts to develop). We try to delay this by repackaging the food into air-tight/sealed containers which are usually made out of plastic, which can … cause some issues.

The issues with plastic… (and unglazed ceramic and wood)

Plastic not being the best thing for your health is really not a secret; compounds BPA (carcinogenic, hormone-mimicking) and BPS (causes diabetes, obesity, and cancer in minute concentrations) are both an issue on their own. Also, add phthalates (makes plastic softer; disrupt endocrine system) to that mix. That being said, the situation is improving (being regulated) in this field.

There is however the issue of basic properties of plastic (and unglazed ceramic, and wood); specifically micropores and micro-scratches – which are a breeding ground for bacteria. Cleaning the containers daily will help alleviate the problem, but remember to use softer materials during cleaning or you’ll be creating more and more scratches on the material.

So what are the alternatives? Use glass or metallic airtight containers which you then clean regularly (use stuff that doesn’t scratch). If you don’t have one, then pack dog food into smaller airtight sealable bags and then place those into a dark, dry, and cool container. 

What about bowls?

Bowls are the same as any other container; if they get micro scratches they can become a breeding ground for bacteria. You can prolong the use of a single bowl by avoiding plastic, wooden, and ceramic (glazed and unglazed) bowls. Typically glazed ceramic or glass would be just fine until it breaks and becomes a hazard to the dog. The alternative is providing your dog with a new plastic bowl every year or so. 

In the world of dog bowls safety – metal is king – easy to clean, resistant, and durable. But it tends to look a bit boring and plain. It’s a trade-off.

Anything else I should know about dog bowls?

Of course. If you have a big dog, try not to put the bowls on the floor, as it makes it harder for the dog to eat; put it about 6 inches below the height of their shoulders. If you do this, use bowls that have an anti-skid bottom to help avoid unnecessary cleanup.

Clean bowls daily! If it’s not clean enough for you to eat out of, then neither should your dog.

Stay PAWSM, be awesome! 

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From wolves to dogs

Have you ever wondered how the big bad wolf became the lovely little pooch in your lap? 

Humans and dogs, or at least one of the first ancient versions of them, first met in the good old Eurasia and had a surprisingly peaceful coexistence. The ancient humans had a primal connection to nature and they strongly believed that the wolves, although being predators, didn’t pose them any (well, not too much) harm. You see, the wolves back then weren’t apex predators, but rather mesopredators that fed on smaller animals and were a bit further down the food chain.

Domestic dogs aren’t wolves and they aren’t even that close to the modern-day wolf, genetically speaking. They have, however, evolved from the same ancestor (if you’re more into the proper scientific facts, it would be called the Late Pleistocene wolf) that lived 27 – 40,000 years ago. Speaking of <em>genetic divergence</em> (sorry, had to use at least one fancy phrase) – the evolution of the ancient wolf – happened relatively quickly so it is hard to date it more accurately.

Evolving wolves encountered a rough patch (during the Last Glacial Maximum) that caused a great reduction in their population. A single population that corresponds to the modern-day wolf, recovered, became stronger, and when venturing out to repopulate, replaced the remaining ancient wolf populations in Eurasia and North America. Slowly, but surely, they have evolved to the apex predator we know today.

Another population originating in southern East Asia, however, adapted to their environment differently – they gained coat color genes that related to immunity and allowed them to adapt to high-altitude environments. Further adaptations to their different environments and them hanging out with us created the beginnings of a multitude of dog breeds that we know and love.,

Although the genetic road separating wolves and dogs happened around that time, the domestication happened later (around. 15,000 years ago) when people transformed into a hunter-gatherer society and started with the domestication of other animals as well. So, well before we started with agriculture and domestication of sheep, goats, etc. Surprisingly, dogs are the first species and the only large carnivore to be domesticated. Where exactly the first wave of domestication occurred is unknown, but by the last ice age, five main diverse lineages could be distinguished. The details, as you can see, are still sketchy and we may never know them, but that’s the main idea behind it.

But how did we really tame the wild beasts? Did we really take their babies and make them dependent on us? Maybe. But you’ve heard about Darwin’s “Survival of the fittest” theory, right? Alternatively, when it comes to the domestication of dogs, there is a more interesting theory suitably named “Survival of the friendliest”. The friendliest, timidest, and cutest of the bunch had a disadvantage when approaching human settlements and could enjoy the positives it brings (who would say no to free food that you didn’t have to catch yourself and don’t get us started on the cuddles). In a way, you could say we haven’t domesticated the ancient wolf, but they have self-domesticated. It all started with history.

That is a theory we wouldn’t mind standing behind. *awoooo*

Stay Pawsm, be awesome! 

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Pawsm free mobile app is awesome!

Pawsm for better and longer life

Finally! You can now download our PAWSM free dog nutrition and diet app. We hope it helps you ease the job of providing your dogs with a healthy diet so they live better and longer. 

PAWSM is a free mobile app that brings expert-level dog nutrition to everyone. It focuses on a dog’s health by careful monitoring of the dog diet and exercise. Established veterinarian formulas, user input, and an extensive dog food database form the backbone of the app’s dog nutrition calculator.

Find a better use of the free time left from manual calculations and worrying. How about some cuddles instead?

WHY use PAWSM?

PAWSM is a free dog nutrition mobile app that helps those who know their dog’s diet and can calculate their precise dietary needs, by using a nutrition calculator and removing the need to manually calculate everything; as well as those who want to do good by their dog and take care of their health, but don’t have the time to study several shelves worth of books.

FEATURES and FUNCTIONS

  • Nutrition calculator
  • Exercise tracker
  • Dog food database
  • Water tracker
  • Treats tracker
  • Dog diet journal
  • Event list 
  • Multiple dog profile 

NUTRITION CALCULATOR FOR OPTIMAL FEEDING:

Every dog food has its instructions but none of them are specifically tailored to your dog. In a way, this nutrition app (or we can even say dog food app) is a glorified nutrition calculator that takes the ingredients of the chosen dog food, your dog’s data (breed, sex, weight, age, height, etc.), and the dog’s exercise activity, and crunches the numbers in accordance with the established veterinarian formulas. The result shows you the best dog diet, by offering the optimal amount of food your dog needs per each meal in a day.

DAILY EXERCISE TRACKER:

Your dog’s exercise, or any physical activity truly, plays an important role in the nutrition calculator and the amount of food your dog needs to consume in a day as each dog exercise burns a different number of calories. We have made it so you can choose a type of dog exercise (walking, running, or playing) when it occurred, and how long it lasted.

DOG FOOD DATABASE:

For the nutrition calculator to work, we had to build a database of the ingredients contained in each dog food. Because every single food producer lists the data differently, we couldn’t use a web scraper so the only way to do it, was to take each and every food and manually input the data. Since that took a lot of time and effort, we decided to make something good out of it and made the database searchable. We added nice things such as range search, where you can look for certain ratios of ingredients. That helps you find food for special diets that might otherwise prove to be quite difficult to find. The database is being updated regularly (you can even add new non-listed products yourself).

TREATS & WATER TRACKER:

Keeping your dog hydrated is very important, so we’ve added a tracker where you can input the amount of water your dog has consumed in a day. As good dogs, they also deserve some treats! You can choose the type and amount of treats they consume in a day. Tracking them is also important as they can contribute to excess weight gain.

IN APP NOTIFICATION:

The nutrition app offers you pop-up notifications (it will notify you if there were too many treats influencing your dog’s health and offer encouragement when adding your dog’s exercise, meals and water consumption).

DOG EXERCISE AND DOG DIET JOURNAL:

To ensure your dog’s health keeps being taken care of in the long run and monitor their progress (and see some cool stats for those who love numbers and graphs), we’ve also added a Dog Exercise and Dog Diet Journals, where you can see weekly, monthly and yearly activities and meal charts.

EVENT LIST:

Keep track of the important future events (vet appointments, vaccination dates, etc.) by adding them to the event list.

MULTIPLE DOG PROFILE AND GUARDIANS:

If you have more than one dog, you can also create multiple dog profiles. For each dog you can also set multiple guardians, so everyone can contribute their share, see their progress, and contribute to their dog’s health. The more the merrier!

Share the post and invite your friends. Join the PAWSM pack and be awesome!

Stay awesome, be PAWSM! 

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