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Best 7 types of Dog Accessories and History of Dog Fashion

Ever considered getting a gift for your dog in the form of a dog accessory rather than just food? As it turns out you’re not the first. The tradition of dog accessories in the form of dog collars and dog clothes has been around for several millennia.

History of Dog Fashion

The history of dog fashion can easily be described with three motivations:

  • ownership / belonging
  • protection / purpose
  • displaying wealth / amusement

Ownership and belonging

The story of wolf to dog’s best friend is a long one. After the taming of dogs some 12.000-14.000 years ago people had to start marking dogs as their own. The first way to mark ownership and belonging (and probably the first dog accessory) was a collar. 

According to Wikipedia, the earliest examples of dog collars found come from ancient Egypt from 1440 BC, however, it can be assumed the idea of dog collars is much older. Examples of dog collars and dogs on leashes can also be found as images on Egyptian tomb walls as well as pottery.

Ancient Greek, Roman and Chinese examples of dog accessories can be also found on plenty of art pieces; from statues and pottery to mosaics. Thus we can see that our affinity towards dogs, and marking them as belonging to us is a very old idea. 

Protection and purpose

Besides companionship the original purpose of dogs was hunting; and it wasn’t long before dogs were also used as instruments of war. In ancient Greece and later Rome a breed called Molossus (extinct, but most likely progenitors of mastiffs) was used as both guard dog as well as a war dog. They were fitted with spike studded leather collars and occasionally even wore suits of metal armor. 

Of course, considering that ancient Roman writers complained of people taking more care of their dogs rather than their children we can easily assume that the past was also filled with stylish dog collars and dog leashes.

The trend continued throughout the ages and examples of dog armor can also be found during the middle ages, messenger harnesses during WWI, and even today police dogs get their armor in the form of bulletproof vests.

That being said, hunting and war are not the only reasons for protective dog clothing. Dogs get cold; their paws are delicate in temperature extremes and through dog protective clothing we are remedying that. After all healthy puppers are happy puppers.

In recent times protective clothing became even more important than ever before, as we are importing dog breeds into completely different habitats to the one they’re used to – just think of a Whippet in snow conditions (gonna need that dog coat really soon to keep warm). Similarly, you’re gonna have to get dog boots for your dog if you walk them on very hot asphalt during the summer, otherwise, they’re gonna get their paws burned.

Displaying wealth and amusement

We don’t exactly know when the trend of dressing up dogs really started (other than leashes and collars), but we can find evidence of dog costumes in the 19th century and onwards, where royalty and the rich started buying costumes. They even had pet boutiques selling little trousers, jackets, housecoats, travelling clothes, bathing outfits, bracelets, boots…  Most people stuck to collars and leashes for their “work” dogs.

A dog dressed in a costume in a world where replacing your worn out boots is an impossibility for some is a rarity; an excess; a display of wealth. Only the rich could afford to spend money on that. Dog costumes were a symbol of money and as some trends of the rich go, the “masses” started imitating it.  

The trend of dog clothing stores has stuck since, as we still occasionally see dogs dressed in costumes rather than functional clothes. We’ll leave the pondering of whether that is good or bad for the dog for another blog. Instead, let us consider what else is available for dogs other than simple clothes.

7 Types of Dog Accessories for Responsible Owners

If we simply look at the Amazon’s store distribution we see most common dog accessories neatly arranged into the following categories:

But this list is both too long and too general to be of any use. For the purpose of this blog we’ll delve less into fashion and more into “usable” and necessary dog accessories.

Because some people like to buy offline, and due to lack of availability in different markets, we’ll speak less of individual products (other than our app) and more of the general ideas behind those products.

So here are 7 types of dog accessories for dog owners:

1. Considering that this is a PAWSM blog, a blog dedicated to our free PAWSM dog diet and nutrition app, we’ll first start with us. Keeping your dog healthy is more than just protecting them from the physical damage, temperature extremes and making sure they and the vet are on a first-name basis.

Appropriate nutrition is a key factor in a dog’s healthy life, PAWSM dog diet and nutrition app does just that by making sure you know how much to feed your dog. While it is not a physical dog accessory it is a good way to start the list.

2. Continuing on with the food theme, one of the most important accessories are dog bowls, to which we dedicated an entire blog. In the blog, you’ll find that not every dog bowl or food container is healthy and there are plenty of hazards people are not all that aware of.

3. Dog toothbrushes come in various shapes and forms – as toothbrushes that you need to use, as toys that the dog chews to clean their teeth or even dental sticks. No matter which you choose you might want to consider at least one of the options.

4. Remember when we mentioned dog boots earlier in the blog? Paw protectors are not only used to protect dog’s paws from heat or cold, but also from the salt that can damage the pads. If you live in a climate with temperature extremes or other environmental hazards, you should probably invest in some dog boots. You might not need them now, but you might need them later and they just might prevent a visit to the vet.

5. In addition to dog coats which protect dogs from the cold, there are also cooling vests that protect your dog from the heat. If you happen to have a breed unaccustomed to your current climate you should look into what you can buy for your breed. Just remember that during high temperatures dogs need plenty of water.

6. LED dog collars help with visibility of your dog in dusk or dark. If you walk your dog next to the road early in the morning or late in the evening you just might want to procure a LED collar, as visibility helps reduce accidents.

7. Of course, you can also fit a GPS tracker or a fitness tracker on your dog’s collar. GPS trackers are an excellent idea if you let your dog roam free a lot, or if the dog stays outside. A fitness tracker on the other hand is a good way of keeping track of your dog’s activity levels. By keeping track of the dog’s activity you get some of the information on how to keep your dog’s food intake at an optimal level.

There are of course more dog accessories; from harness mounted cameras, door openers, smart toilets, smart water dispensers,… What we listed are the ones we think owners should be made aware of. That being said, you don’t need to buy every single accessory.

Why buy if you can DIY

Not everything that you get for your dog needs to be from some some dog fashion brand. Sometimes you can also make stuff for your dog, such as dog clothes or dog beds. Making dog accessories is nice, just make sure they’re the functional and not restrictive type. 

Now we know that making a Halloween dog costume is probably not easy for everyone, but you might want to give it a try. We can assure you that while the pupper might care about the restrictiveness of the clothing, they won’t be complaining in the event of sewing mistakes.

Dog collars, dog leashes, dog harnesses and dog bandannas are not outside of the realm of DIY, and most materials can bought rather cheaply in your local craft/sewing store. So get your thread, needles, thimbles and scissors and start making dog accessories. 

An extra hint; use your old clothes for parts of clothes or dog bed filler – your smell on them might help your dog calm down when they’re alone, so no need to wash them too much. Just don’t be icky.

Stay Awesome, use PAWSM.

PS: Which dog accessories do you use? Do you have any dog accessory ideas that you want to share with the world? Comments are welcome in the comment section below or on our FB page.

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5 tips for an overweight dog and dog weight loss

Dog obesity is a serious global concern with 40% (or more) of dogs being overweight. It causes many health risks and can reduce a dog’s lifespan considerably. We’ve compiled some helpful tips to determine if your dog is overweight and how to help with their weight loss.

5 tips if your dog is overweight and needs to lose weight:

  • make an overweight dog diet plan and ease them into it gradually
  • keep a dog food diary
  • limit treats and snacks
  • ensure a regular dog exercise
  • measure and monitor their progress

Most importantly to ensure progress in the long run and not have them fall back to their unhealthy weight, be their rock and stick with the regime you’ve created for them. Not sure how to go about the aforementioned tips? We’ve got you boo, just keep on reading. But first, let’s take a look at why dog obesity is such a concern.

Dog obesity and major health risks

Obesity is a medical condition where accumulated excess body fat can have negative effects on health. This definition by WHO was made in mind for humans but can be easily used to describe obesity in dogs just as well.

Based on a 2018 clinical survey conducted by the Association for Pet Obesity Prevention (APOP) they estimated that 50 million dogs (55.8%) in the U.S. were overweight or even obese.

Body Condition Score (BCS)Percentage of dogs
Too Thin0.2%
Thin, Healthy0.9%
Normal, Healthy43.1%
Overweight36.9%
Obese18.9%
Results of the 2018 U.S. Pet Obesity Survey by APOP

What can cause a dog to be overweight

Pawsm dog nutrition mobile app
PAWSM is a free dog nutrition mobile app!

There are many reasons for obesity in dogs. It can be caused by a medical condition (like specific diseases, handicaps, medication, if they are spayed or neutered, aging, etc.) or genetic predispositions based on the dog’s breed. If you’re curious, we’ve listed some in our blog titled Dog breeds, their needs, and finding which dog fits.

Most commonly though, it stems from the lack of knowledge about their proper nutritional needs (how many calories a dog needs per day and the best diet for dogs based on the dog food ingredients and their specific dietary needs), lack of exercise, and emotional state caused by our own lifestyle and environment we live in. Luckily, the first two are easily corrected.

What are the health risks when dogs are overweight

We’ve already written a bit about health risks that come with dog obesity in one of our previous blogs, but as it’s such an important topic and the health risks can be prevented or at least lessened to an extent, we’ve decided to expand on the matter a bit more.

As we’ve learned, obesity causes negative effects on health and that can lead to shortened lifespan (up to 2.5 years) and overall lesser quality of life for your doggo. It improves immensely if you help your dog lose that excess weight, but it’s even better if you prevent it from accumulating in the first place.

Here are some serious health risks caused by dog obesity:

  • development of sugar diabetes
  • digestive disorders
  • increased risk of heart disease
  • high blood pressure (hypertension)
  • higher risk of cancer
  • high risk of surgical and anesthetic complications
  • decreased liver and kidney function
  • weakened immune system
  • skin and hair coat issues

There are also health complications that lessen the quality of life caused by the added weight such as:

  • decreased stamina 
  • difficulty breathing
  • higher risk of damage to joints, bones, and ligaments

Help! Is my dog overweight?

Most of us, when looking at our cute rounded balls of fur, don’t even realize that they could be overweight, and then we are quite surprised when being scolded by the veterinarian. So if you think your dog might be overweight, there is a high probability that they are (or at least have a little excess weight they could part with – oh, don’t we all).

How to determine if my dog is overweight

Logically thinking, to determine if a dog is overweight or not, would be simply to weigh them, right? Based on VCA they can be considered overweight when they weigh 10-20 % above their ideal body weight and obese when they weigh 20 % or more.

The problem with this method is that in most cases, because of different dog breeds and other physical attributes, it’s hard to determine the ideal body weight for each doggo. So weighing your dog is better used when following your dog’s progress, rather than determining if they are overweight or not.

Don’t know how to correctly weigh your dog? We’ve made a tutorial you can check here.

A more common approach when discovering if your dog is overweight is to determine their BCS – Body Condition Score or with the PAWSM dog diet and nutrition mobile app, as we took a bit different approach, by determining a PBC – PAWSM Body Condition Score.

What is BCS – Body Condition Score

Body Condition Score is the usual way of determining your dog’s “health condition”. It’s commonly measured on a 5 (sometimes 9) point scale, where a score of 1 represents the dog being too thin, 3 representing the ideal condition, and 5 representing the dog being overweight. The score is determined on a basis of visual and kinesthetic cues.

The problem with using the BCS approach for the PAWSM dog diet and nutrition mobile app is that it’s often subjective based on the owner’s bias while using visual determination of your dog’s BCS based on general photos would be completely unworkable. So a different solution was needed.

What is PBC – PAWSM Body Condition Score

FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) is the largest dog organization in the world. Among everything else that they’re doing, they have also released their FCI breeds nomenclature and standards, which is the basis for our establishment of the PBC – PAWSM Body Condition Score.

Unlike BCS which uses visual and kinesthetic cues, we base our ideal condition based on FCI Standards which we then compare to user-collected data (breed, age, weight, height, gender, and health status). To ease the understanding for people who are familiar with BCS we decided to use the same 5 point scale, with the same meaning.

Dog diet and dog nutrition tracker

Sometimes there aren’t enough hours in a day to gather all the information we need to make our own perfect overweight dog diet plan. Using confusing longwinded formulas to calculate how many calories a dog needs per day and include any special dog dietary needs based on the chosen dog food ingredients can be quite a chore. 

Dog nutrition calculator and the PAWSM dog diet and nutrition mobile app

But luckily, the PAWSM dog diet and nutrition mobile app includes a dog nutrition calculator that takes all that from the dog food diary, adds the information about dog exercise from the dog activity calculator, and crunches the numbers instantly, giving you the perfect results to help deal with your dog’s weight loss.

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Get a little closer to the Pawsm graphics. It is awesome.

What do dogs need in their diet

To make a perfect overweight dog diet plan, you need to first determine what dogs need in their diet and what dog food ingredients you should look out for. The formula for a perfect, balanced dog meal is as follows:

  • Protein: 15-30%
  • Fats: 5+%
  • Carbohydrates: 40-50%
  • Fiber: under 5%
  • Calcium: 0,5-0,8%
  • Potassium: 0,6%
  • (Calcium : Phosphorus): 1:1 / 2:1

For a more detailed description of the mentioned dog food ingredients see our blog about the best diet for dogs based on the dog food ingredients.

How many calories does a dog need per day

The optimal daily calorie intake for dogs is not really unambiguous – there isn’t merely one simple answer for all dogs. It depends on their breed, age, gender, health, activity, even if they are overweight or not.

As mentioned, it can be a bit hard to calculate how many calories dogs need per day, each day, by hand. But luckily, some tools can help with that. One of them is the PAWSM dog diet and nutrition mobile app that takes all the needed specifics and even compares your dog’s ideal score to their current score.

If it determines that your dog is overweight it will make adjustments to the amount of dog food that your dog needs. Similarly, if your dog is underweight the app will slightly increase the amount of food needed. If your dog is in the perfect range the dog nutrition calculator will only count calories of the resting energy and the amount of energy expended with activities and then calculate the exact amount of food required, based on the chosen dog food you’ve listed in the dog food database.

Why not make life easier for yourself while doing the best for your doggo?

Love your dog, use PAWSM 😉

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Pawsm mobile app is live on app and play store.

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FCI Breed Standards and PAWSM Dog Diet and Nutrition App

FCI, Its History, Organization and Duties

FCI breed standards, The Fédération Cynologique Internationale is the largest canine organization. Like all kennel club’s it’s purpose is  the wellbeing of pedigree dogs. Their guidelines, breed standards are considered the golden standard in the world of dogs. 

  • Group 1 – Sheepdogs and Cattle dogs ( Cattle dogs ) 
  • Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs
  • Group 3 – Terriers 
  • Group 4 – Dachshunds
  • Group 5 – Spitz and primitive types
  • Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
  • Group 7 – Pointing Dogs 
  • Group 8Retrievers – Flushing Dogs – Water Dogs
  • Group 9 – Companion and Toy Dogs 
  • Group 10 – Sighthounds

FCI was created in 1911 with the intent to protect purebreed dogs and dog breeding as a whole. ITs founding nations were Germany, Austria, Belgium, France and The Netherlands. 

Organisation is currently composed of three sections: Europe, the Americas and Carribean, and Asia, Africa & Oceania. It has 99 FCI members, one from every member state and contract partner.

It’s main duties are:

  • Updating, translating and publishing of the breed standards
  • processing results of international conformation shows 
  • registering kennel names
  • homologation of titles 
  • keeping lists of internationally licensed judges
  • Updating, translating and publishing of international regulations
  • setting up calendars of international dog shows

It does not however keep registries and does not issue pedigrees or keep breeder records.   

FCI and other kennel clubs are an important part of keeping the “dog world” organized and dog wellbeing oriented. While most people can take care of a dog, not everyone knows what is actually good for a dog. How do you determine how much a dog of a certain breed should weigh in order to be healthy?

How do you determine if their posture is ok, or if they happen to have an injury or a life threatening defect. Is the fur allright, or is it indicative of a skin problem? That is where the breed standards come in handy, to tell you where your dog stands in relation to its breed. 

Get a little closer to the Pawsm graphics. It is awesome.

The FCI Breed Standards

The FCI currently recognizes 353 breeds on a definitive basis and a couple more on a provisional basis (11 at the time this article was written). Breeds recognized on a definitive basis are eligible to compete for the CABIB (Certificat d’Aptitude au Championnat International de Beauté – award for the title “International Beauty Champion”) and FCI titles, while breeds recognized on a provisional basis are only eligible to compete for FCI titles.

A recognized breed has breed standards – detailed description of the ideal type of the breed – written by a country (member) in cooperation with the Standards and Scientific Commissions of the FCI. 

The FCI standards are written in the form of a document containing the following information:

  • Breed name
  • Breed picture
  • Origin
  • Date of publication
  • Utilization
  • FCI classification
  • Brief historical summary
  • General appearance
  • Important proportions
  • Behaviour/temperament
  • Detailed description of body (head, eyes, ears, neck, body, tail, limbs, gait/movement, skin, coat, size and weight)
  • Faults, severe faults and disqualifying faults

These standards are then used as a guideline for the dog breeders and as the reference for judging dogs in the (FCI) international dog shows. Most of these data are established via visual inspection, but some are measurable and have quantifiable ideal ranges for various breeds. This are the strings of data our PAWSM dog diet and nutrition app uses in its calculations. 

FCI Breed Standards and PAWSM Dog Diet and Nutrition App

PAWSM is a free dog nutrition mobile app!

We here at team PAWSM believe that good nutrition and proper diet are a key factor when it comes to dog’s health. The FCI standards tell us where the dog should be, what our app does is to help your furry friend get there. 

The visual part of the FCI’s breed standards cannot yet be used in a regular phone app (not there YET) but PAWSM app uses some of the FCI breed standards data in its dog diet calculations.

PAWSM Dog Diet and Nutrition App calculates the amount of food your dog needs to eat daily based on your dogs ideal weight according the FCI standards for your particular breed. Dog’s current age, weight, height,…  all play a part in the calculations. If your dogs weight is either too high or too low the app makes an adjustment in the amount of your chosen food your dog needs to eat daily. 

Of course PAWSM app’s formulas can deal with more than just pure breed dogs, hence why it is important to designate the primary and secondary breeds of your dog in the selection menus. 

There is more to PAWSM app’s calculations and formulas, but that will be explored in our next blog.

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Pawsm mobile app is live on App and Play store.

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Dog breeds, their needs, and finding which dog fits

After careful deliberation, you’ve finally decided to get a dog (yay!), but now there is a new question: What type of dog should I get?  There are 3 main topics you should think about before getting a dog: what dog breed suits your personality best, what kind of temperament you seek in a dog, and what kind of conditions and restraints your environment poses?

Before we get into details, are you completely sure you are ready to be a dog owner? If there are still some doubts left, we invite you to check out our previous blog post [5 tips before getting a dog and giving them a nice home] 

Personality types and lifestyle

Even though each puppy has their own personality, they are heavily influenced by their breed and no two breeds are exactly the same. The main differences derive from the reasons why they were originally bred for. It is easy to assume that herding dogs will need more exercise as their job description involves running around all day and herding other animals, or Huskies that need to pull a sled for a long time and distances. Or that hunting dogs will be more alert and jumpy, with some being  even louder than others to chase the prey your way. So understanding dog breeds and finding one that suits your lifestyle best will be beneficial to you as well as the puppy coming into your home.

If you’ve found a dog breed that fits your current lifestyle, don’t forget to think about the future as well. As they will stay with you for a long long time, it’s important that you keep in mind your future lifestyle as well. So, are you active, sedentary, outgoing, introverted, or a social butterfly? Are you a hunter? Or perhaps you have special needs that your doggo could help with? All of that should be considered when choosing a dog breed.

Active lifestyle

Are you active? If you thought about getting a dog to help you keep in shape and be more outgoing, be sure you are truly up for the challenge. As some breeds are ok with a simple walk around the block, some may need a lot more exercise (think about dog breeds that were bred especially for physically demanding jobs like herding, hunting, and the likes).

Here are 10 dog breeds that need a lot of exercise:

  • Border Collie
  • Dalmatian
  • Jack Russell Terrier
  • Portuguese Pointer
  • Rhodesian Ridgeback
  • Shiloh Shepherd
  • Siberian Husky
  • Taiwan Dog
  • Transylvanian Hound
  • Weimaraner

Couch potatoes

Alternatively, if you are searching for a dog that needs less exercise and perhaps more cuddles on the couch, here are 10 low-maintenance dog breeds:

  • Basset Hound
  • Bolognese
  • Brussels Griffon
  • Chihuahua
  • Greyhound
  • Maltese
  • Pekingese
  • Pug
  • Shih Tzu
  • Tibetan Spaniel

Let’s be zen together

Active and loud is not always the best fit for you. Sometimes, you just need some downtime when you arrive home after a full workday and what you need are cuddles and quiet.

Here are 10 calm dog breeds you might consider:

  • Bassett Hound
  • Boerboel
  • Cavalier King Charles
  • Clumber Spaniel
  • English Bulldog
  • Great Dane
  • Greyhound
  • Newfoundland
  • Shar-Pei
  • Shih Tzu
Pawsm dog nutrition app is live and for free on play and app store.
Available on Play and APP store.

My Guardian

When you are in need of protection, you may consider getting a dog that will help you with that as well. Here are 10 guard dog breeds you may consider:

  • Akita
  • Belgian Malinois
  • Bullmastiff
  • Cane Corso
  • Doberman Pinscher
  • German Shepherd
  • Puli
  • Rhodesian Ridgeback
  • Rottweiler
  • Staffordshire Bull Terrier

Breed health and temperament

Let’s say you’re a quiet introvert, a book lover that doesn’t venture out a lot. A nice fit would be an Irish Wolfhound – a kind and quiet teddy bear that offers companionship and affection. But what if you would like to be more active and push yourself to be more outgoing? Then a better fit might be an energetic, but still very cuddly Cairn Terrier. How about if you would prefer to have a smart, yet still calm guard dog? Then maybe the best option is a German shepherd. What we are hinting at is that it’s equally important that your dog’s temperament matches your expectations and needs as well as your type of personality.

Health risks

We don’t really want to think about our puppies getting ill, but we should be prepared for the possibilities that they might be (and pay special attention to possible signs). As dog breeds are unlike personality-wise, they also differ on health risks. For example, Cocker Spaniels and similar breeds with big floppy, furry ears are prone to frequent ear infections. Pugs and other breeds with squashed faces and bulgy eyes are at risk of eye problems. Poodles are also at a high risk of eye diseases. Great Danes and many large breeds are prone to hip dysplasia and gastric dilation and volvulus. Because of their long bodies, Dachshunds are at higher risk for back injuries and spinal disk problems. Collapsing trachea is common with Chihuahuas and other toy breeds. They are also prone to the Little White Shaker Syndrome, which is what it sounds like – an illness that causes shaking and possible issues when walking. Bulldogs are susceptible to breathing problems.

Foodies

With a lack of sufficient amount of exercise and an incorrect amount of food, there is a high risk of your dog becoming overweight. Luckily, there are ways to determine the correct amount of food your dog needs to consume daily – one tool that can help with that is the [PAWSM mobile app], which has a special nutrient calculator for optimal feeding based on established veterinarian formulas. It takes into account your chosen dog food, the dog’s daily exercise, and of course their basic data such as breed, sex, weight, age, height, etc. If you’re not sure [how to correctly weigh or measure your dog], we’ve made a small tutorial you can check out as well.

Here are 10 dog breeds that are prone to obesity:

  • Basset Hound
  • Beagle
  • Boxer
  • Bulldog
  • Dachshund
  • English Mastiff
  • Golden Retriever
  • Pug
  • Scottish Terrier
  • Yorkies

Don’t get me mad

Some dogs are more temperamental than others. Mostly it’s defined as barking, biting, lunging, snarling, etc. towards other people or dogs. If you think you can handle them, here is a list of 10 aggressive dog breeds:

  • American Pit Bull Terrier
  • Chihuahua
  • Dachshund
  • Chow Chow
  • Doberman Pinscher
  • Dalmatian
  • Rottweiler
  • Jack Russell Terrier
  • German Shepherd
  • Siberian Husky

Family-friendly

When it’s not just you, but there are younglings around (or will be in the future) that should be taken into account as well. Here are 10 family-friendly dog breeds you might look into:

  • Boxer
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  • Collie
  • Golden Retriever
  • Great Dane
  • Labrador Retriever
  • Newfoundland
  • Poodle
  • Pug
  • Saint Bernard

Environmental restrictions and conditions

Even if you have found the perfect breed that fits your personality and has the temperament you desire, that is still not enough. Every doggo deserves to have the perfect home as well. And we’re not talking about a loving family, but the right environment where they can flourish. You can’t have a Great Dane confined in a studio apartment that already houses a cat, a hamster, and a family of three, can you?

No matter the breed, there are still some conditions that you need to cater to, such as providing:

  • food and water
  • a comfortable, dry, draught-free, clean, and quiet place to rest
  • designated toilet place or regular opportunities to go to an appropriate place
  • access to a place where they can exercise at least once a day, play, and possibly meet other dogs
  • a place to hide if afraid
  • suitable objects to entertain themselves, chew, and play with
  • suitable size and temperature of any place they will stay at (even when in transport), as well as appropriate comfort
  • security and safety from hazards
  • supervision and not let them stray

That said, everything we’ve pointed out from their temperament, personality, different health risks, to special conditions of each breed, environmental restrictions, and also our wishes, it should all be carefully considered when choosing what breed our furry companion should be.

Have you already found your perfect breed?

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